A. Research & Analysis
APERC's energy research is designed to foster understanding among APEC economies of global, regional and domestic energy issues facing the region.
APERC's research themes are carefully chosen to address relevant issues in support of the objectives and priorities of APEC Energy Ministers and the APEC Energy Working Group (EWG). APERC's research is conducted under the supervision of the EWG and the APEC Expert Group on Energy Data and Analysis (EGEDA). APEC's Fourteen Non-Binding Energy Policy Principles, agreed at the First Meeting of APEC Energy Ministers in Australia in August 1996, have become APERC's broad guidelines for selecting research topics which support the overall energy policy development of member economies. The selection criteria used are: high priority for the majority of member economies, agreement on policy principles, APERC's comparative advantage, business information needs, relevance to other expert groups, and relevance to existing and ongoing studies in the region or in the world. In general the topics are categorised in the following areas:
－ APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook
The Outlook is designed to provide a basic point of reference for anyone wishing to become more informed about the energy choices facing the APEC region. The business-as-usual projections illustrate the risks of the development path the APEC region is now on. Alternative scenarios examine options for improving sustainability. APERC normally prepares a new version of the Outlook every 2 or 3 years. See Outlook Publications
－ APEC Energy Overview
This annual publication has a chapter discussing the current energy situation in each APEC economy, including energy supply and demand, key energy policies, notable energy developments, useful links, and further references. See Energy Overview Publications
－ Energy Policy Analysis
APEC economies, especially those undergoing rapid economic development, face serious energy policy challenges as they attempt to build and maintain the energy supply infrastructure needed to ensure national wealth creation and social well-being. Energy policy must strike a balance between the common - but sometimes conflicting - over-arching goals of economic growth, security of supply, and environmental integrity. Through rigorous analyses, APERC identifies important energy issues and policy priorities, and it brings them to the attention of APEC policy-makers. See Energy Policy Analysis Publications
B. APEC Cooperative Activities
In addition to research, APERC coordinates several projects which cooperate directly with APEC member economies to realize their energy policy goals. These projects include peer reviews and workshops involving experts from both within and outside the APEC region. These projects are called APEC "Cooperative Activities".
The first Cooperative Activities were started to help APEC economies in improving their energy efficiency. Later, projects for promoting the development of low-carbon energy supply at both the economy-wide and town levels followed. Recently, APERC has started activities for improving the security of oil and gas supply in the APEC region. These Coopreative Activities are described below.
－ Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE)
APEC Leaders have agreed to an APEC-wide regional goal of reducing energy intensity (energy per unit of GDP) by at least 45 percent by 2035, using 2005 as a base year. The Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE), which is coordinated by APERC, is one mechanism designed to help the APEC economies achieve this goal. Each PREE Peer Review focuses on the energy efficiency policies of a single volunteer APEC member economy, referred to as the host economy. The work is carried out by a Review Team of experts from other member economies and international institutions jointly selected by the host economy and APERC. In some cases, a "Follow-Up PREE" may also be conducted, which is designed to assist former PREE host economies in implementing the earlier recommendations of the PREE review teams. See PREE Publications
－ Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies
The Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies is an annual publication intended to promote information sharing in the field of energy efficiency and energy conservation across the APEC economies. It includes chapters discussing the current energy efficiency situation in each APEC economy. Chapters are contributed by each economy following a common format under a process coordinated by APERC. See Compendium Publications
－ Cooperative Energy Efficiency Design for Sustainability (CEEDS)
Cooperative Energy Efficiency Design for Sustainability (CEEDS) builds on many of the information-sharing concepts that have made PREE successful, however, while PREE considers the whole range of energy efficiency policies and measures for one economy at a time, CEEDS considers policies and measures for several economies in one sector at a time. Each phase of CEEDS has included two workshops drawing together experts in the sector and responsible officials from participating APEC economies, as well as research by APERC on potential energy savings in the sector. See CEEDS Publications
－ Peer Review on Low Carbon Energy Policies (PRLCE)
The Peer Review on Low Carbon Energy Policies (PRLCE) responds to the instructions of the APEC Energy Ministers in their June 2010 Fukui Declaration to “explore mechanisms to encourage APEC economies to set individual goals and action plans for introducing low-emission power sources”. The program is modelled after the APEC PREE discussed above, but focuses on policies for promoting the development of low carbon energy supply. See PRLCE Publications
－ Low Carbon Model Town Project (LCMT)
The Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Project seeks to promote low-carbon technologies in city planning in order to manage rapidly growing energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in urban areas of the APEC region. See LCMT Publications
－ APEC Oil and Gas Security Exercises (OGSE)
The APEC Oil and Gas Security Exercises (OGSE) aims at improving the response to oil and gas emergency situations in the APEC region in collaboration with the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nationa (ASEAN). The report of OGSE is now under compilation.
C. Know-How Transfer Program
This programme refers to special training sessions which are conducted on a regular basis in order to build the capacity of APEC member economies in energy data management and in projecting energy demand and supply. The program is sponsored by APERC, but coordinated by the International Cooperation Group of the Institute of Energy Economics, Japan (IEEJ).
This programme consists of two components. The first is the Seminar on Energy Supply and Demand Outlook, an annual training course held in Tokyo for energy officials and researchers from APEC member economies. The trainees attend a series of lectures and conduct a series of practice exercises covering a broad range of topics, including macroeconomic concepts and their relations to energy, energy balance table preparation, and energy demand and supply modelling. The lectures are complemented with a site visit to energy-related facilities in Japan. The second component is the dispatch of IEEJ experts to specific APEC economies to present short courses. These may be a follow-up activity for the trainees who came to Tokyo, as well as an opportunity for additional officials and researchers to participate in the training.
D. Energy Data Network Service
This service is sponsored by APERC, but coordinated by the IEEJ's Energy Data and Modelling Center (EDMC) under the supervision of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Data and Analysis (EGEDA). EDMC began compiling energy statistics for APEC economies after the first meeting of the Energy Data Expert Group (EDEG) - the predecessor to EGEDA - held in Tokyo in 1990.
Currently, the database is available on the Internet and in a hardcopy version. A supporting analytical software tool, which assists with simple analysis of the data, has also been produced. The database comprises a broad range of statistics, such as energy balance tables, electricity generation capacities, and data on non-commercial energy. Additionally, a website for members only provides additional energy-related statistics, such as production of major products, energy prices, transportation demand, number of households, and cooling and heating degree-days See APEC Energy Database